Osogovo mountain is located in western Bulgaria, at the border with Macedonia. Its highest point is peak Ruen (2,251 meters) which is easily accessible and is popular among the mountaineers.
Various routes pass through the mountain - some of them start from the town of Kyustendil and others - from the surrounding villages. Osogovo is located in the border zone and is subject to protection by the Border Police. When visiting the mountain you need to carry your ID card or passport.
Osogovo is the northernmost and highest part of the Osogovo-Belasica group and is situated between the Kyustendil and Kamenitsa Valleys, Dobro pole and Bregalnica and Kriva Reka river valleys. The west slopes are steep and the southeast ones are slant. The mountain is rich in polymetal ores. There are many legends about the origin of name Osogovo, but the most famous one is that it was given by the Saxon miners who were mining gold and silver in the region in the past.
According to this legend, the name originates from the Old Germanic words "osso" (god) and "gov" (place) which means "a divine place". Osogovo in Bulgaria The mountain itself is a powerful granite massif of crystal rocks. It has a prominent volcanic relief made of conic peaks and volcanic tuff. The flora distinguishes vertical coverage: an under-mountainous zone up to 1000 m where trees like oak, elm, hornbeam, ash, hazel and others can be found; a mountainous zone (1000–1800 m) covered mostly with beech trees; and a sub-alpine zone covered with grass pastures and bushes of juniper trees. The mountain rivers and streams are a natural habitat for the barbell, the chub and the mountain trout.
Are you visiting Bulgaria and you are fan of hiking? Bulgaria is surrounded by more than 40 mountains and has everything to offer for any taste!